diabetic diet

When you talk about the diet for type 2 diabetes, there are many questions that appear. It should be clear that each person has specific nutritional needs, depending on characteristics such as age, sex, weight and physical activity. In addition, each person with diabetes can follow a different drug treatment. In this case, food portions should be adjusted and adapted to each case.

However, to help have a reference of how healthy should be eating a person with type 2 diabetes, we have developed a weekly schedule where the type of food for each meal is indicated. This is a pattern of qualitative food, in which the goal is to follow a healthy diet, including foods from all groups with an appropriate proportion throughout the day.

Please note these menus:

  • Only indicate recommended amounts for foods rich in carbohydrates, they are those who have a greater impact on the levels of glucose in the blood. In these cases, the weights indicate the quantity of already cooked food, that is, ready to eat.
  • If the person does not know what their caloric intake recommended (1,500 or 1,800 calories), a nutritionist should be consulted for guidance among different menus we propose.

A little further down, we provide a list of the approximate amounts of fruit equivalent to “1 piece”.

Weekly meal plans

1500 calorie diet

Weekly Plan – 1,500 calories

Breakfast Lunch Snack Dinner Supper
Monday MILK 200 cc

Bread 40 g

MIDMORNING

Fruit 1 PIECE

LENTILS 100 g

VEAL STEAK

SALAD

Fruit 1 PIECE

1 low-fat YOGURT VEGETABLES 200 g

OMELETTE

RICE 80 g

Fruit 1 PIECE

1/2 cup SKIM MILK
Tuesday MILK 200 cc

Bread 40 g

MIDMORNING

Fruit 1 PIECE

NOODLES 100 g

SARDINES

SALAD

Fruit 1 PIECE

1 low-fat YOGURT SPINACH 200 g

VEAL STEAK

STEAMED POTATO 100 g

Fruit 1 PIECE

1/2 cup SKIM MILK
Wednesday MILK 200 cc

Bread 40 g

MIDMORNING

Fruit 1 PIECE

100 g black beans

CHICKEN

SALAD

Fruit 1 PIECE

1 low-fat YOGURT PEAS 100 g

FISH

Fruit 1 PIECE

1/2 cup SKIM MILK
Thursday MILK 200 cc

Bread 40 g

MIDMORNING

Fruit 1 PIECE

VEGETABLES 200 g

ROAST VEAL

BAKED POTATO 100 g

Fruit 1 PIECE

1 low-fat YOGURT Sauteed SWISS CHARD 200 g

FISH

RICE 80 g

Fruit 1 PIECE

1/2 cup SKIM MILK
Friday MILK 200 cc

Bread 40 g

MIDMORNING

Fruit 1 PIECE

LENTILS 100 g

FISH

SALAD

Fruit 1 PIECE

1 low-fat YOGURT GREEN BEANS 200 g

OMELETTE

RICE 80 g

Fruit 1 PIECE

1/2 cup SKIM MILK
Saturday MILK 200 cc

Bread 40 g

MIDMORNING

Fruit 1 PIECE

PAELLA 100 g

GRILLED CHICKEN

SALAD

Fruit 1 PIECE

1 low-fat YOGURT SPINACH 200 g

FISH 100 g

POTATO VAPOR 100 g

Fruit 1 PIECE

1/2 cup SKIM MILK
Sunday MILK 200 cc

Bread 40 g

MIDMORNING

Fruit 1 PIECE

CREAM OF
ASPARAGUS SOUP 200 gFISHSALADFruit 1 PIECEBread 40 g
1 low-fat YOGURT ARTICHOKES 150 g

CHICKEN 100 g

Fruit 1 PIECE

Bread 40 g

1/2 cup SKIM MILK

* At breakfast, 40 g of bread can be changed by 30 g of whole grain breakfast cereals or crackers. The weights refer to cooked food or ready to eat.

1800 calorie meal plan

Weekly Plan – 1,800 calories
Breakfast Food Snack Dinner Supper
Monday MILK 200 cc

BREAD 40 g

Fruit 1 PIECE

MIDMORNING

BREAD 40 g

LENTILS 100 g

VEAL STEAK

SALAD

Fruit 1 PIECE

1 low-fat YOGURT

BREAD 30 g

VEGETABLES 200 g

OMELETTE

RICE 80 g

Fruit 1 PIECE

1 cup SKIM MILK
Tuesday MILK 200 cc

BREAD 40 g

Fruit 1 PIECE

MIDMORNING

BREAD 40 g

PORK LOIN

NOODLES 100 g

SARDINAS

SALAD

Fruit 1 PIECE

MILK 200 cc

BREAD 20 g or
3 cookies

SPINACH 200 g

VEAL STEAK

STEAMED POTATO 100 g

Fruit 1 PIECE

1 cup SKIM MILK
Wednesday MILK 200 cc

BREAD 40 g

Fruit 1 PIECE

MIDMORNING

BREAD 40 g

BEANS 100 g

CHICKEN 100 g

SALAD

Fruit 1 PIECE

1 low-fat YOGURT

BREAD 30 g

PEAS 100 g

FISH

Fruit 1 PIECE

1 cup SKIM MILK
Thursday MILK 200 cc

BREAD 40 g

Fruit 1 PIECE

MIDMORNING

BREAD 40 g

FRESH CHEESE

VERDURA 200 g

ROAST VEAL

BAKED POTATO 100 g

Fruit 1 PIECE

1 low-fat YOGURT

BREAD 30 g or
3 cookies

Sauteed SWISS CHARD 200 g

FISH

RICE 80 g

Fruit 1 PIECE

1 cup milk
SKIM
Friday MILK 200 cc

BREAD 40 g

Fruit 1 PIECE

MIDMORNING

BREAD 40 g

LENTILS 100 g

FISH

SALAD

Fruit 1 PIECE

MILK 200 cc

BREAD 20 g or
3 cookies

GREEN BEANS 200 g

OMELETTE

RICE 80 g

Fruit 1 PIECE

1 cup SKIM MILK
Saturday MILK 200 cc

BREAD 40 g

Fruit 1 PIECE

MIDMORNING

BREAD 40 g

FRESH CHEESE

PAELLA 100 g

GRILLED CHICKEN

SALAD

Fruit 1 PIECE

MILK 200 cc

BREAD 20 g

SPINACH 200 g

FISH

STEAMED POTATO 100 g

Fruit 1 PIECE

1 cup SKIM MILK
Sunday MILK 200 cc

BREAD 40 g

Fruit 1 PIECE

MIDMORNING

BREAD 40 g

PORK LOIN

PASTA 100 g

FISH

SALAD

Fruit 1 PIECE

MILK 200 cc

BREAD 20 g or
3 cookies

ARTICHOKES 150 g

CHICKEN 100 g

POTATO 100 g

Fruit 1 PIECE

1 cup SKIM MILK

* At breakfast, 40 g of bread can be changed by 30 g of whole grain breakfast cereals or crackers. The weights refer to cooked food or ready to eat.

For additional information on the 1800 calorie diet for diabetics visit http://www.weightofthenation.org/1800-calorie-diet-plan-menu-diabetic/.

Fruit approximate quantities equivalent to 1 piece:

 

Apricot:  150 gr. Peach: 1 medium unit, 150 gr.
Persimmons: 1 piece Melon: 2 thin slices, 300 gr.
Cherries: 12 to 15 pieces, 120 gr. Quince: 1 small piece, 150 gr.
Cherimoya: ½ piece, 100 gr. Oranges: 1 medium unit, 150 gr.
Plums: 100 gr. Nectarine: 1 medium unit, 150 gr.
Dates: 3 units Medlar: 3 units
Raspberry: 175 gr. Papaya: 1 medium unit
Strawberry: 200 gr Pear: 1 medium unit
Granada: 1 small piece, 150 gr. Pineapple: 2 thin slices
Figs: 2 units Banana: 1 small unit
Kiwi: 2-3 units, 150 gr. Grapefruit: 1 unit
Mandarina: 2-3 units, 125 gr. Watermelon: medium 2 slices
Mango: 1 unit, 150 gr. Grapes: 12 to 15 units
Apples: 1 medium piece, 150 gr.